According to Wikipedia, telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Going by this definition, when we talk of telecommunication companies in Nigeria, we are talking of radio companies, television, fixed and mobile telephone as well as the internet. This article however centers only on telephone and internet service providers in the country.
Below are the top telecommunications companies in Nigeria and details about each of these firms.
MTN Nigeria is a member of the MTN Group which is a South African-based multinational mobile telecommunications company operating in many African, European and Asian countries.
While the MTN Group is South African based, it makes about 35% of its revenue from Nigeria and MTN Nigeria is what makes it such amount of revenue.
It provides both telephone service as well as the internet service and it is respected as one of the first and still the most popular telecommunication company in Nigeria.
Globacom Limited simply known as Glo is a Nigerian multinational telecommunication firm with its headquarters in Nigeria.
Glo is 100% Nigerian owned and has Mike Adenuga as its chairman. This telecommunication is the first telecommunication company in Nigeria to build an $800 million high-capacity fibre-optic cable (Glo-1) from the United Kingdom to Nigeria.
it is also one of the popular ones and serves as a direct competitor to MTN Nigeria.
Airtel Nigeria is a subsidiary to Airtel Africa which in turn is the business of Bharti Airtel International (Netherlands).
Aside Nigeria, Airtel Africa does business in about 14 countries. The name Airtel Nigeria is recent, after it was bought.
It was ones known as Airtel, then Zain. It has a reputation as the telecommunication company that had changed hand in terms of ownership a lot.
The popular Etisalat telecommunication just rebranded in Nigeria to 9Mobile after it was sold out.
As at when it was Etisalat, it was one of the popular internet and call service providers in the country (and it is still popular).
However, it is no longer under the Emirates Telecommunication Group Company.
The Nigeria Telecommunications Limited (NTEL) is the youngest on the list, it was registered and launched in January 2016.
This company currently operates only in Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt. NTEL also boast of having a 4G LTE service.
NTEL provides high speed broadband service, high quality video without buffering as well as high definition crystal clear voice.
MainOne is one of the leading telecom service providers in Nigeria. This company just like the other ones above is equipped with world class infrastructures which enable them provide services such as connectivity services, SME in a box service, media services, MainOne DDOS protection service, data center service and enterprise voice service amongst others.
Smile Nigeria provides both internet and voice services.
However, it is most known and popular for it internet service provision which is known to be one of the fastest.
It launched it 4G LTE service in Nigeria in 2014. This 4G LTE service is available in 8 cities in the country.
Swift Network Limited
Swift Network Limited has been in Nigeria since 2002. However, this is not that popular to many especially those not living in big cities.
They provide services such as broadband internet access, video conference, web and email hosting, surveillance solutions, virtual private networking services as well as collocation services.
Spectranet is the first internet service provider in Nigeria to provide a 4G LTE service which is available only in Lagos, Abuja, Ibadan and Port Harcourt.
This company in 2016 was honored as the best broadband company of the year in Nigeria.