This post will answer the question how many refineries does Nigeria have and list how many of these Nigerian refineries are working currently, their location and names.
Currently, Nigeria has four refineries in total. One is located in Warri while another is located in Kaduna. Two of the remaining Nigerian refineries are located in Portharcort. Be aware that all these refineries are subsidiaries of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)
Below is a full list of Refineries in Nigeria Today
1. WARRI REFINERY
This is the first indigenous government owned refinery in the country. Commissioned in the year 1978, it was built to process 100,000 barrels of crude oil per day as its output but was later de-bottle necked to process 125,000 barrels per day. The Petrochemical Company was incorporated as a limited liability company on the 3rd of July 1988 after the merger of the then Warri Refinery and the Ekpan Petrochemical Plants.
2. KADUNA REFINERY
The Kaduna refinery was established in 1989 with the capacity to produce 110,000 barrels of petroleum per day. occupies an area of 2.89 Square Kilometers. Here, crude oil is refined into high quality petroleum products and the manufacturing of petrochemical and packaging products to the satisfaction of her customers. Products from this Refinery include; Fuels for use as Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), Automotive Gas Oil (AGO) or Diesel oil, Kerosene, Fuel Oil, Sulphur and those from the lubricating oils complex are Base Oils, Asphalt (Bitumen) and Waxes.
3. NEW PORT HARCOURT REFINERY
This new refinery was commissioned in 1989 with a production capacity of 150,000 barrels per day. This brings the total crude processing capacity of the Port Harcourt Refinery to 210,000 barrels per day.
4. PORT HARCOURT REFINING COMPANY (PHRC)
This refinery is located at Alesa Eleme near Port Harcourt. It was established 1965 and has the capacity of producing 60,000 barrels of petroleum per day. PHRC produces the following products; Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), Kerosene (aviation and domestic), Automotive Gas Oil (AGO – diesel), Low Pour Fuel Oil (LPFO) and High Pour Fuel Oil (HPFO). It also produces UNLEADED gasoline that meets international standard.
Functional Oil Refineries in Nigeria: Full List (2020)
Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa and the 6th in the world. Nigeria has refineries where crude oil is refined.
These refineries are subsidiaries of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). The functional refineries in Nigeria at a time were 4 in number but due to two of the four refineries in the country been merged into one, there are currently 3 refineries that are functional in Nigeria.
Two of which are located in the oil producing Niger Delta Region while the third one is located in the north central part of the country which is not an oil producing region.
Port Harcourt Refinery
Port Harcourt is the first on our list of oil refineries in Nigeria as it is the largest refinery in Nigeria and has a refining capacity of 210,000 barrels per day.
The Port Harcourt Refinery is the product of merging of two refineries in Rivers state. The first is the Old Port Harcourt Refinery which has a capacity of 60,000 barrels per day while the second is the new Port Harcourt Refinery established in 1989 has a plate capacity of 60,000 barrels per day. Together, they have a combined plate capacity of 210,000 barrels per day.
Port Harcourt refinery produces Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), premium motor spirit (PMS), Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK), Automotive Gas Oil (AGO), Low Pour Fuel Oil (LPFO) and High Pour Fuel Oil (HPFO). This refinery is operated by the Port Harcourt Refining Company (PHRC) Limited.
Warri Refinery is located at Warri, Delta State and it is the second highest oil refinery in Nigeria in terms of plate capacity. This refinery was established in 1978 with a capacity of 100,000 barrels per day.
However, this was increased to 125,000 barrels per day in 1987. This refinery is operated by the Warri Refining & Petrochemicals Company (WRPC) Limited.
It was constructed for the production of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK), Automotive Gas Oil (AGO), and Fuel Oil. It petrochemical plant produces Polyproylene and carbon black.
This is the only functional oil refinery on the list that is not located in the Niger Delta Area and also not oil producing. It was established with a plate capacity of 100,000 barrels per day.
The Kaduna Refinery was established with the capability to produce Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), House Hold Kerosene (HHK), Aviation Turbine Kerosene (ATK), Automotive Gas Oil (AGO), Fuel Oil and Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB). This refinery is operated by the Kaduna Refining and Petrochemicals (KRPC) Limited.
It is important to note that none of the above named refineries in Nigeria is functioning at the capacity it was established to function. In fact, some of them are now shadows of themselves. This is why despite we being Africa’s largest oil producer and having these 3 refineries, we still into fuel importation.
Aside the listed refineries, there’s another one coming up (under construction) which is the Dangote Refinery owned by the Dangote Group, one of the largest business groups in Nigeria owned by Nigeria’s richest man, Aliko Dangote.