Home Facts Information List of Northern States in Nigeria

List of Northern States in Nigeria

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The different 36 states in Nigeria are divided into various regions which comprises of the Northern region, the south-south, the south west and south east region. Our focus in this post will be to list comprehensively all the northern states in Nigeria who are the Hausa/Fulani speaking people or tribe.

map-showing-the-northern-states-in-nigeria
Map Showing The Northern States in Nigeria

Prior to the amalgamation of 1914 by the then Governor general, Lord Lugard, the protectorate of Northern Nigeria was already established in January 1, 1897. It was the treaty of 1885 that granted Northern Nigeria to Britain. Using Indirect rule, Frederick Lugard, ruled with the help of local chiefs which later became a theory in politics. After he merged the Northern Nigeria Protectorate with Southern Nigeria in 1914, the Richards constitution in 1945 gave more autonomy to the North especially in areas of foreign relations and customs policy.

It was not surprising to see that states that made up Northern Nigeria were more than those of the south-east and western states. This was because during the time of Sir Ahmadu Bello as its first premier. the Northern Peoples Congress under Sir Ahmadu Bello dominated parliament than other regions in Nigeria. The creation of various northern states by the Military heads of state also followed suit. They also have the largest land mass than all the other regions put together.

Today in Nigeria, there are 19 states that make up Northern Nigeria and they are subdivided the into North west and the North East states and North central.

Below is the list of all 19 Northern states in Nigeria in no particular order:

  1. Zamfara
  2. Kano
  3. Kebbi
  4. Katsina
  5. Sokoto
  6. Kaduna
  7. Jigawa
  8. Niger
  9. Adamawa
  10. Kebbi
  11. Borno
  12. Bauchi
  13. Kogi
  14. Kwara
  15. Nasarawa
  16. Taraba
  17. Yobe
  18. Plateu
  19. Gombe

The largest state in Nigeria in terms of land mass is Niger state. The states listed above are mostly the Hausa and Fulani speaking people, although there are other ethnic groups within the Northern region. Some might be wondering whether Abuja is a state? The Federal Capital Territory (F.C.T) is not a state, even though it is located in the north, it is the capital of Nigeria.

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