Home Facts Information African Countries: Full List of Countries in Africa and Capitals

African Countries: Full List of Countries in Africa and Capitals


This post will provide a full list of countries in Africa and their capitals in alphabetical order and will list the estimated total population of people living in the African continent and facts about African countries.


Africa is made up of 54 fully recognized sovereign countries. Africa is also the second biggest continent in terms of size and population, measuring about 11.7 million square miles in territorial space and harbors about 1.1 billion citizens. This vast continent is protected by water from all directions. Africa as a continent has clearly defined borders and its map is regarded as the most beautiful due to its shape.

The various seas that differentiates the borders of the African map from other continents of the world are: the Mediterranean Sea, the Suez Canal, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. As earlier said, the total number of countries in Africa is 54. These countries although were colonized by European countries in the past, they are now independent sovereign states. The body that unites all nations in Africa is the African Union.

Some Facts About African Countries

1. The biggest country in Africa in terms of size is Algeria. Occupying about 7% of the African continent.
2. The smallest country in Africa in terms of size is Seychelles.
3. The most populous black nation in the African continent is Nigeria.
4. The largest city in Africa in terms of population and size is Lagos in Nigeria.
5. Civilization started in Egypt.

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African Countries: Full List of Countries in Africa and Capitals

  1. Algeria – Algiers
  2. Angola – Luanda
  3. Benin – Porto-Novo
  4. Botswana – Gaborone
  5. Burkina Faso – Ouagadougou
  6. Burundi – Bujumbura
  7. Cameroon – Yaounde
  8. The Republic of Cabo Verde – Praia
  9. The Central African Republic – Bangui
  10. Chad – N’Djamena
  11. Comoros – Moroni
  12. Democratic Republic of Congo – Kinshasa
  13. Republic of Congo – Brazzaville
  14. Cote d’Ivoire – Yamoussoukro
  15. Djibouti – Djibouti
  16. Egypt – Cairo
  17. Equatorial Guinea – Malabo
  18. Eritrea – Asmara
  19. Ethiopia – Addis Ababa
  20. Gabon – Libreville
  21. Gambia – Banjul
  22. Ghana – Accra
  23. Guinea – Conakry
  24. Guinea-Bissau – Bissau
  25. Kenya – Nairobi
  26. Lesotho – Maseru
  27. Liberia – Monrovia
  28. Libya – Tripoli
  29. Madagascar – Antananarivo
  30. Malawi – Lilongwe
  31. Mali – Bamako
  32. Mauritania – Nouakchott
  33. Mauritius – Port Louis
  34. Morocco – Rabat
  35. Mozambique – Maputo
  36. Namibia – Windhoek
  37. Niger – Niamey
  38. Nigeria – Abuja
  39. Rwanda – Kigali
  40. Republic Arab Saharawi Democratic – Aauin
  41. Sao Tome and Principe – Sao Tome
  42. Senegal – Dakar
  43. Seychelles – Victoria
  44. Sierra Leone – Freetown
  45. Somalia – Mogadishu
  46. South Africa – Pretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), CapeTown (Legislative)
  47. South Sudan – Juba
  48. Sudan – Khartoum
  49. Swaziland – Lobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane (Administrative)
  50. Tanzania – Dar es Salaam (Traditional capital) Dodoma (Location of legislature)
  51. Togo – Lomé
  52. Tunisia – Tunis
  53. Uganda – Kampala
  54. Zambia – Lusaka
  55. Zimbabwe – Harare


  1. No. Lagos is not the largest city in Africa in term of size. It’s either Cairo or Ibadan. I
    Even in term of population, you have to consider Kano also.

  2. Even, no concrete evidence that civilization started in Egypt. Check it properly. Yes, Egypt is known for early civilization, but there could be other places we may not know. Read history of civilizations very, you will notice that there are lots of civilizations that have even gone into extinction.


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